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Conventions Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs





Conventions will be held in Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Fukushima this summer against atomic and hydrogen bombs. It is 72 years since the calamity of atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki and 6 years since the nuclear disaster at the power stations in Fukushima. The Japanese government’s policies on national security and nuclear energy program counter the today’s world trend. Our task is to change the official policies.


CHANGE THE GOVERNMENT’S POLICIES ON NUCLEAR ISSUES!


On July 7 the United Nations’ conference adopted the final draft of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons with the majority favor of 122 countries. The preamble, specifying a term Hibakusha, says: mindful of the unacceptable suffering of and harm caused to the victims of the use of nuclear weapons (hibakusha), as well as of those affected by the testing of nuclear weapons.


Nuclear Deterrent Renounced


Many nations in the world have voted for the treaty which prohibits production, test, possession, deployment and transfer of nuclear weapons so that a nuclear war may not be fought, deeply concerned about the catastrophic consequences in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In addition, the treaty renounces a policy of nuclear deterrent, a national security policy of big powers supported by nuclear threats against targeted nations, which has continued since the days of Cold War between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.


The five nuclear powers, namely, US, Russia, UK, France and China (Permanent Members of the UN Security Council), NATO members and Japan employ the policy of nuclear deterrent and oppose the treaty. Three nations of US, UK and France issued a joint statement that says they are not intended to sign, ratify, or ever become a party to it.


A problem lies in a fact that Japan has agreed with these countries though the nation, solely, was attacked by nuclear weapons. The government’s stance can never be accepted by Hibakushas.


Japan under US Nuclear Umbrella


Meanwhile, in the name of a policy on ‘atom for peace’, nuclear energy and technology development programs have been pursued. But lately the world goes to a direction of abandoning nuclear power generation.


Germany decided on non-nuclear power in 1990s to eliminate all the stations by 2022. Switzerland held a referendum last May and 58% of voters agreed to ‘abandonment of nuclear power’. The nation is to shut down all nuclear facilities by 2050.


In Taiwan the Legislative Yuan (parliament) approved in January a bill to revise the Electric Industry Act to practically decommission all the six nuclear power stations by 2025. These power stations will end service of 40 years consecutively by 2025. The legislative body clearly states not to extend the service period and confirms to rely on development of renewable energy sources.


Vietnam cancelled in November last year the projects contracted with Japan and Russia. One of the reasons is economic, but the decision is a final answer from lessons of Fukushima and disposal of nuclear waste which is beyond control.


The world takes a course from suspension of constructing nuclear power stations to programs to develop renewable energy sources.


The Abe government, however, employs a national security policy based on the nuclear umbrella. It promotes nuclear power generation and restart operation at the stations under suspension. It exports projects. The Japanese government keeps opposing the world trend.


Terminate Abe Government!


A Strongman Abe system is formulated ? responsibility is partially attributable to people. We have to end the Abe regime in the coming general elections to be held certainly by the end of 2018. We have to fight for a broad front to get united among constitutional opposition parties and citizens’ groups.


The rest of the world carefully watches Japan, a country which has a history of nuclear weapons attacks and power station accident which have produced an extraordinary number of victims in Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Fukushima. It has lessons from them; how will the nation cope with nuclear weapons and power generation?




August 1, 2017





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