recent torrential rain has caused unusual deluges in the western region of Japan. The rainfall
was a record-breaking that has happened once in several decades. The Japan Meteorological
Agency issues a special alert in compliance with the above-said assumption. In
fact it warned eleven prefectures recently, which was a record-numerous. Fukuoka Prefecture,
situated in the northern Kyushu
Island, was given alarms
for the second time after the last year’s floods.
GOOD EXAMPLE OF PREVENTIVE POLICY AGAINST NATURAL DISASTERS
world looks earnestly at Cuba.
to a book, entitled as ‘Reasons why the World Looks at Cuba - a
Well-Prepared Country for Natural Disasters’ (published by Tsukiji-Shokan),
during ten years between 1996 and 2010 eight hurricanes hit the country. Four
out of the eight tropical storms had the same strength as, or greater than,
that of the Katrina which attacked the south-eastern states of the United States of America
in 2005. They were so destructive, but the book says the casualty toll was
extremely low in Cuba.
instance, in the Hurricane Charlie of 2004, 30 people died in the State of Florida in the US,
while in Cuba
the number was four. The Hurricane Gustav of 2008 caused many deaths in the US and Haiti,
while no one died in Cuba.
for Successful Posture
speaking, developing countries are more vulnerable to natural disasters, compared
with developed ones. Cuba
had poor infrastructure against natural disasters, if compared with those of
industrially developed nations. Furthermore, the Caribbean
nation is imposed by the severe economic blockade in which water and food are
scarce, as well as preventive sealing tapes to reinforce windows of buildings.
People there, however, have keys: one is administrative power, which enables
citizens to leave dangerous zones immediately, and the other is high level consciousness
of citizens to natural disasters.
Cuba is usually
hit by hurricanes. Leadership of the nation has engaged intensively in studies
to foresee the storms. It is because late former President Fidel Castro got
furious with the level of the nation’s meteorological sciences, which used to
be unreliable to cause catastrophic damages, and he himself studied the related
subjects. That was a point of start.
Cuba sets the
national headquarters of Meteorological Institute in the capital city of Havana and another 15
branches across the nation to track movements of hurricanes closely.
a hurricane approaches and the Institute projects risky areas, people return
home to secure foodstuff and other necessities. In these regions presidents of
the Provinces and Municipios (=Cuban administrative units which count 169 in
the country) serve as Commander of Civil Protection Headquarters in each
commanding office, called a Citizens’ Defense Center.
commanding offices of municipalities issue an evacuation order 24 hours before
a hurricane hits directly the district and the national government sends buses
and other vehicles to transport evacuees if necessary. Sometimes military tanks
and helicopters are mobilized for rescue efforts.
Premier was in Banquet
and his group held a banquet during the heavy rain though a forecast was made
that it would be disastrous.
and emergency preparedness are in great contrast with Cuban leaders.