security treaty was concluded in 1960 between the United
States and Japan. It is 60 years in June this
year. The treaty has altered exceedingly for these 60 years from the original
initiative to develop to a bilateral military alliance in which Japan follows
up the world strategy of the counterpart.
IMMEDIATELY THE STATUS OF FORCES AGREEMENT!
a result of the Asian-Pacific War, the military of the United States occupied Japan as a stronghold
to prevent communism, encouraging democratization of the country in parallel.
September 1951 the first security treaty was agreed on simultaneously with the
San Francisco Treaty, which assured the US
occupation forces to stay in Japan
forever. Thus, Okinawa had been under the administration of the United States
1960 the security treaty was amended, which authorized the right of US military
to stay in Japan in exchange
of her obligation to defend Japan.
article seven of the security treaty sets forth ‘the Status of Forces Agreement
= SOFA’ to be bilaterally concluded; this means extraterritoriality of the United States under which the US troops and civilian
personnel deployed in the country are not governed by the Japanese administration.
For this reason an innumerable number of crimes and accidents committed by the US military have been practically exempted from indictment,
in Okinawa in particular. Nowhere in the world
can be seen such disgraceful status.
extension of treaty continues
is 60 years since the new security treaty was concluded. In the year of 1960
when it was amended, massive people’s campaigns against the treaty were staged
throughout the nation; an extraordinary number of protesters came around the
parliamentary building uninterruptedly for days and 330 thousand people
gathered there on June 15. Everyone knows a college student Michiko Kamba was
killed in the confrontation.
treaty has been automatically extended since 1970 when it was amended to be
abolished if either side of the two countries unilaterally announces withdrawal.
Without such a claim the treaty remains as it is.
turns to be a collective security scheme
article five of the treaty provides that Japan
shall not defend the US
military in the event of an armed conflict that should occur beyond the territory
of jurisdiction of the Japanese administration. It is because, according to the
exact interpretation, the right of collective self-defense is prohibited by
Article Nine of the Japanese Constitution.
Self Defense Forces (SDF) of Japan, however, have practically carried out the
right of collective self-defense, as is seen in the logistics of the US
military, in accordance with the Special Laws which specify areas of activities
and terms of troops’ deployment.
bilateral treaty has changed enormously from the original design. Today it is
an alliance to enforce the US
strategy on Asia. The SDF have attained
capabilities to attack adversary’s bases thanks to the annually increasing
military budgets, assuming China
as a potential enemy. Moreover, the government purchases varieties of weapons
from the Trump government which sets prices unilaterally. In addition, the Abe
government has lately organized a new troop to expand its war theater to the
cannot be guaranteed by the armed forces. The military alliance must be
abolished. Stop the construction work at Henoko, Okinawa,
of a new military base! Amend the servile SOFA so that Japanese jurisdiction covers
military in the country!